The Most Dangerous Photo-Recon Mission of World War II
By Jim Newsom U.S.A.


On August 27th 1944, a German Luftwaffe long-range photo reconnaissance bomber, a Junkers Ju-390 took off from its base in Norway and flew out across the Atlantic Ocean. Among its four man crew was a brave and daring woman Anna Kreisling, the ‘White Wolf of the Luftwaffe’. A nickname she had acquired because of her frost blonde hair and icy blue eyes. Anna was one of the top pilots in Germany and even though she was only the co-pilot on this mission, her flying ability was crucial to its success.

The Ju-390 was twice the size of the B-29 Superfortress. It was powered by six 1,500 hp BMW radial engines and it had a range of 18,000 miles without refuelling.

This was to be the longest photo-recon mission flown by an enemy airplane in World War II. Nine hours later, the Junkers was over Canada and swinging south at an altitude of 22,000 feet. In the next few hours, it would photograph the heavy industrial plants in Michigan that were vital to the United States.

By noon on August 28th the gigantic six engined bomber was over New York City, where it finally was spotted by the US Army Air Corp. but by then it was too late. The Junkers disappeared into the vastness of the Atlantic Ocean, fourteen hours later, Anna would bring the huge bomber in to land at a Luftwaffe base outside of Paris.

Thoughts of this mission came to mind as I sat across the table from Anna Kreisling at a recent Octoberfest in Los Angeles. She is still quite beautiful with her icy blonde hair tied-back in a pony-tail and her radiant blue eyes, which have seen events in human history only a few of us could ever imagine.

She had flown Ju-52 Trimotors into the streets of Stalingrad when it had been surrounded by the Red Army. Many times her plane had been riddled with bullets so badly that she landed with only one engine running while the other two were on fire.

In 1945 she was assigned to fly the jet fighters that Germany was producing.

One of these jet fighters was the Horten V9 flying wing. It was powered by two Jumo turbo-jet engines, which enabled it to fly at 600 mph. It was armed with two 30mm cannon and air to air missiles.

Anna never scored any victories in the Horten. While taxiyg in the snow an American Sherman tank crew captured her after she had turned off the engine and pulling off her flight helmet they thought she was a movie star!! For the next six months she poured coffee for the US Army and did not spend one night in a POW camp. Everyone thought she was part of Bob Hope’s USO show!!

P.S. An article in Air Progress magazine in the Nov/Dec issue 1965 also talked about the Junkers Ju-390 over-flying Michigan and New York. This was held top secret throughout World War II and the Cold War.

If you look in books they will say that only two Ju-390s were built, when in fact there were around 11 built. Also they were used in Odessa, Russia to fly to Japanese held fields in China. Very secret jet engines and technology was traded for raw materials. At Area 51 in Nevada the United States Air Force it is rumored has a Junkers Ju-390 it captured during Operation Paperclip toward the end of World War II.


Notes:

1) Anna was a test pilot so her mentioned with the Ho V9 (IX) prototypes is provisional as I believe that Pacific Flyer added the comments about it being armed and her never scoring any victories in it. It never became operational as the production Go-229.

2) What is written about her and flying jet fighters either refers to her test-flying them out of context or Hitlers order in March 1945 for 7-10 days allowing Hanna Reitsch to form a female jet fighter unit and then rescinding that order

3) the Ju-390 production definitely is off officially as there were more than 2 of them in several different places during the war that the 2 could not cover. Historians lack the specific information on the other builds and especially usage from KG 200 and also why the SS forbid Baur to use the Ju-390 as Führerflugzeug. It is believed that the aircraft in Norway and Prague were reserved for Himmler and Kammler instead and that Kammler escaped with the Bell Device in one of those.

German-planned Invasion of the United States


 

FLYING THE JUNKERS 52/3m at STALINGRAD
By Jim Newsom



The following is an interview with Anna Kreisling - The White Wolf of the Luftwaffe- of what it was like to fly the Junkers Ju-52/3m trimotor in World War II.

James: How many Lady pilots flew with the Luftwaffe in World War II?
Anna: At the beginning of the war there were 50 pilots that flew transport aircraft, and there were many more who trained our young fledgling pilots, but both Hitler and Goering were against women flying fighters and bombers in combat. In Russia there were many women that flew fighters and bombers for Stalin.

James: I have flown in the Ford Trimotor, The Junkers Ju-52/3m has always been one of my favorite airplanes, what was it like to fly?
Anna: The Junkers was an amazing and beautiful aircraft to fly! At Stalingrad sometimes I made take-offs with only two engines running. If you had only one engine running you could maintain altitude. Visibility was wonderful, but the Junkers was a complex aircraft and you needed a great instructor if you wanted to learn quickly how to fly the trimotor.

James: You mentioned Stalingrad, was that the nightmare we read so much about in history books?
Anna: Stalingrad was a living hell, but what happened at Crete was far worse. For our airborne assault on Crete we had over 450 Junkers Ju-52 trimotors filled with paratroopers. We were told that we would not encounter ack ack flak, and taking the island would be easy. However, the island was filled with Australian, New Zealand, and British troops who fought like hell and we lost over half our planes and troops taking that island. I was not there; I was lucky because I was based at France at the time. We lost so many good pilots and men at Crete. We would have won the war against Russia if we had saved those planes and men.

James: Speaking of Russia, tell me about Stalingrad.
Anna: For many years I could not talk about it, it was too terrible. Göring who had promised Hitler that he could re-supply Stalingrad from the air had no idea what he was talking about. Von Paulus and the 6th Army should have been ordered to fight their way out. But Hitler agreed to airlift when Paulus agreed to stay, that victory was near.

Stalingrad
An Examination of Hitler's Decision to Airlift



The Junkers Ju-52/3m flew 95% of all the missions into Stalingrad. Other planes also flew in this massive airlift, but the Junkers was the workhorse. The nightmare was crashing into Stalingrad itself. If you were captured by the Russians, they brutally tortured you before they would kill you. At Stalingrad we had over 7,000 women working in the German Army that Hitler wanted flown out because what the Russians would do to them.

At Stalingrad we had over 350,000 men fighting the communist hordes, but it was not enough. We didn’t have enough fuel, fighters, trained mechanics, and even decent runways to work with. I usually flew out of Tatsinskaya with food and supplies loaded aboard. I also carried three gunners, two in the waist position and one on top. At Stalingrad Russian Yaks were everywhere and our losses were grim.

The Russian Yak was very similar to the British Spitfire, very manoeuvrable and fast. If they came out of the sun and caught you by surprise, it was all over. However, many Russian pilots made the mistake of approaching slowly from behind and that is when my young men would shoot them down.

Once I heard of a gunner who ran out of ammunition, and in desperation threw toilet paper at the Russian Yak, and the Russian was frightened away by it!! The Russians did not know what toilet paper was, so this pilot probably thought the gunner was throwing a bomb at him. This trick worked many times.

James: What were the casualties at Stalingrad?
Anna: We lost 800 Ju-52 trimotors at Stalingrad, so many great superb pilots we lost. Germany never recovered from these losses. Hitler should have resigned and the High Command surrendered to the Americans and British. I only survived through luck and determination not to be captured by the Russians. It is easy to be brave with two engines on fire when the alternative is to be captured by the Russians.

James: Is there anything you would like to say to the young people today?
Anna: Yes, flying is a great adventure, it is a joy that is boundless, but try to do your flying when people are not trying to shoot you down. Flying into Stalingrad was not fun, but we had to do it, we could not let so many young men die. The future will be better for everyone if we could be at peace and flying could be enjoyed for what it is, the most fun that you can have!! The memories of flying the Alps in a Junkers Ju-52/3m will be with me forever!!



Anna Kreisling was born on Jan 10, 1920 in Berlin, Germany. In 1944 she reached the rank of Flugkapitan and was awarded the Iron Cross with Diamonds, presented by Hermann Göring. She was also awarded the War Merit Cross.

In the Leni Reifenstahl film "Olympia" Anna Kreisling is to Hitler's left in a shot of them watching the games. Hitler is with Eva to his right with Himmler to his left and then Anna. So she is a real person.

Anna married her husband in 1955 and has been introduced to several US Presidents including Bill Clinton and yet it is impossible to find pictures of her anywhere. Her neighbors and friends have also reminded people of her DC-3 at Reno and yet no photos come up again. I find it highly suspicious that this woman's life is covered-up to the extent that there is no visual proof of her except for Olympia and also the Pacific Flyer interview. When she was interviewed in 2001 she was 81 years old and still very beautiful. By now she would be 90 years old. But the information blackout is so strong that I have found no evidence that she has died, nor what of her husband. It is way beyond normal.

German records were deliberately destroyed from March-May 1945 and particularly those of the SS and KG 200, for whom she worked and also knew of their operations with smuggling Nazis out of Germany to South America and other destinations. That information plus her role in spying on the US and making deals made her invaluable to the US Intel teams and also to the USSR as Stalin wanted to know about Hitler and other Nazis and why the US was making deals with the Nazis for technologies. Since she flew the Ju-390, which is absolutely believed to be the a/c that Kammler used to remove the Bell Device from Silesia to Norway and then to South America or the US, she becomes vital. The US protected Anna and moved her to America, destroying her OSS/CIA records postwar and if she is just an ordinary person she should be able to be located using FOIA. I'm willing to bet no access.

The Ju-390 at Area 51 is not new- many claims have been made of German a/c there postwar including that giant. If so, it is most likely the one that Kammler used to transport the Bell Device which would be in US hands.

Ju-390 history is not well-documented. With the V1 destroyed that only officially leaves the V2 and incomplete V3 and no A-series. But with another a/c in Norway on stand-by and another in Prague on standy- by plus up to 3 Ju-390s operated by KG 200= at least 5 more built in secrecy which would add up to 7 built and one incomplete. The Germans also sent the plans for the Ju-390A series to Japan as a bomber, but the Japanese had no time to start any production. Speer claims a polar route was used for one of those trips east and others that KG 200 disguised them in Lufthansa markings to cross over to fields held by the Japanese in China for exchanges of technology for raw materials. No way with just one a/c operating. And the US flight(s) are still controversial. There would be no reason to make up this feat as a Bv-222 at sea could refuel from a U-boat and make that trip a lot more easier. But it is still there and yet not as hotly contested anymore since there is more info connecting KG 200 with such flights, Kammler and the Bell Device, and Anna Kreisling also.

~Rob Arndt



Controversy

'Anna Kreisling' is totally fictional. There is no mention of her in Zegenhagen's 2007 Ph.D. thesis on German aviatrices and Zegenhagen always appeares extremely well-informed on aviation personalities. That's particularly surprising because Kreisling (allegedly) was a Flugkapitän, i.e. high-profile professional aviator. Requirements for Flugkapitän were hard to meet for men, almost impossible for women of the time. You had to be older than 30 years with at least 8 years in aviation and 5 years in air transportation plus a completed 500.000 flight kilometers as a pilot. Even Hanna Reitsch and Countess von Stauffenberg received the title only ad honorem, not for fullfilling the requirements.

What is more, the family name 'Kreisling' doesn't exist in Germany or Austria at all.

http://www.verwandt.de/karten/absolut/kreisling.html
http://www.verwandt.at/karten/index/alphabetisch/index653_kr.html

Both search engines check the national phonebooks so have an extremely good coverage of family names. .

There may be a connection to the mysterious female fighter ace 'Grunter von Haart' who allegedly downed 168 allied planes in Italy.

Reference:

Zegenhagen, Evelyn, "Schneidige deutsche Mädel. Fliegerinnen zwischen 1918 und 1945".
Wallstein Verlag, Göttingen, 2007

Grunter von Haart (spelling is correct), should be called the top ace of WW II; in Italy she was accredited with 168 kills, and a possible 39 kills over a nine month engagement. She states: "When in the air, in combat, all I think about is how best to kill the enemy." [See, "Ace of One " by Grunter von Haart, Olympic Press 1968, pages 112 - 113]. By far this women out shines most other fighter pilots in that theater. In 1967, she became a naturalized American Citizen, and died in 1991 at the ripe old age of 96 years. Her legacy of being called the first female ace in Germany is in concrete as she was awarded the Iron Cross First Class by Hitler himself, in 1943, and later received a prison sentence by the Americans. So let us heed to her words, written many years after the WW II, "War is an art that all who participate therein shall suffer, given the immensity of the troubled times, one must ask herself not shall I defend my Country, but rather I shall lay my life down so that others may live in peace." [Id. at page 388].


Women were not allowed to fly in front line units with the Luftwaffe, but if she had been a successful fighter ace with the amount of kills claimed, the Nazi propaganda machine would have been working overtime to get her publicity.

Also, why would the US give her a prison sentence, it didn't with any of the male Luftwaffe aces.....


In 1941, the New York Herald Tribune published a letter from a woman who was tired of sitting at home worrying about the war. "If I were only a man, there would be a place for me," she wrote. Many women shared similar feelings of frustration, eager to play an active role in the conflict, but held back because by law and tradition. But as the war escalated, many countries found they could not afford to exclude half of their adult populations and doors began to open for women. They went to work in factories. Capital cities became overrun with female office workers. Nurses joined the front line troops. And many women were allowed to fly.

The Soviet Union, which already had a tradition of women in combat, was the first nation to use women pilots. After suffering huge battle casualties in 1941, the government ordered all women without children who were not already engaged in war work to join the military. There were three all-woman regiments: fighter, bomber, and night bomber. Other women flew with male regiments and pilot Valentina Grizodubova was even the commander of a 300-man, long-range bomber squadron. With the exception of Turkey’s Sabiha Gokcen, the Soviet women were the only women who flew in combat. German pilots were often surprised suddenly to be circled by Russian planes and hear female voices shouting to each other. Lily Litvyak became an ace, downing 12 German planes until she was shot down in 1943. Twenty-three women were given the "Hero of the Soviet Union" medal. When Marina Raskova, who had helped organize the female pilots, was killed in combat in 1943, the government held its first state funeral of World War II, entombing her ashes in the wall of the Kremlin as a sign of gratitude for all Soviet women who flew.

Fascist ideology dictated that a women’s role in society was as a mother and frowned upon women working in any capacity. A few German women did find ways to work, some in jobs such as ferrying and test pilots.

Melitta Schiller [Melitta Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg] was awarded the Iron Cross for conducting 1,500 test dives of new dive bombers.



And Hitler favourite Hanna Reitsch, a record-breaking glider and test pilot before the war, flew every Luftwaffe plane and helicopter. Denied permission to organize a women’s flight squadron, she organized a suicide squadron that would use V-1 rockets modified with seats to hold pilots to attack British industrial centres. The program was eventually dropped. In the final days of the war, she flew a Luftwaffe general through Soviet artillery fire and fighters to land on a road in central Berlin and meet with Hitler just days before he killed himself.


According to Stephan T. Previtera's "The Iron Time", citing data from the "IMM - Magazine for Orders, Militaria and History" from Nov. 99, the female recipients of the Iron Cross were:

1st Class:

- Hanna Reitsch (11/42, Pilot)
- Else Grossmann (1/45, Red Cross Nurse)

2nd Class:

- Hanna Reitsch (3/42, Pilot)
- Elfriede Wnuk (9/42, Red Cross Nurse)
- Marga Droste (9/42, Red Cross Nurse)
- Melitta Gräfin Schenk von Stauffenberg (?/42, Pilot)
- Hanny Weber (?/42, Red Cross Nurse)
- Geolinde Münche (?/42, Red Cross Nurse)
- Magda Darchinger (?/42, Red Cross Nurse)
- Ilse Schulz (4/43, Red Cross Nurse)
- Grete Fock (4/43, Red Cross Nurse)
- Liselotte Hensel (?/43, Red Cross Nurse)
- ? Holzmann (8/43, Hauptführerin of Red Cross)
- Elfriede Gunia (4/44, Red Cross Nurse)
- Ilse Daub (4/44, Red Cross Aide)
- Anne Moxnes (4/44, Red Cross Nurse)
- Greta Grafenkamp (2/45, Red Cross Nurse)
- Elisabeth Potuz (2/45, Doctor)
- Ottilie Stephan (2/45, Volunteer)
- Ruth Raabe (2/45, Red Cross Nurse)
- Elfriede Muth (3/45, Red Cross Nurse)
- Ursula Kogel (3/45, Red Cross Nurse)
- Lieselotte Schlotterbeck (3/45, Red Cross Aide)
- Rohna von Ceumern (3/45, Red Cross Aide)
- Anna Wolschütz (3/45, Red Cross Aide)
- Eva Holm (3/45, Civilian Service)
- Leni Stalinek (3/45, Volunteer)
- Hildegard Wollny (3/45, Staff Aide)
- Alice Bendig (3/45, Armed Forces Aide)
- Hildegard Bollgardt (3/45, Armed Forces Aide)
- Dr. ? Lemke (4/45, Labor Service)
- Margarete Hirsekorn (4/45, Communications)
- Erika Stollberg (5/45, Volunteer)
- Else Grossmann (?, Red Cross Nurse)

There are no German pilots listed with 168 confirmed aerial victories. The official list runs like this....

Hauptmann Heinrich Sturm   158
Hauptmann Hans-Joachim Marseille   158
Oberst Wulf-Dietrich Wilke   162
Major Horst Adement   166
Hauptmann Heinz Schmidt   173
Hauptmann Emil Lang   173
Hauptmann Gunther Schack   174
Oberleutnant Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert   174
Oberst Johannes Steinhoff   176

 

 

Facts and Factoids

Well there was a Ju-88 which mysteriously landed at the RAF base next to Newcastle upon Tyne, disgorged a passenger and then flew off again in August or September 1943.

Suppose this six-engined bomber had landed in the US and some kind of super secret treachery had been discussed, what of the "the special relationship" between the US and the UK?

At the Tehran conference Roosevelt and Stalin agreed that their two nations would run the post war world and dismantle colonialism including the British empire.

General Leslie Groves authorised the export in several smaller shipments of 450kg of Uranium oxide to Russia. These shipments went via Peruvian freighters from Seattle to Vladivostock and the Japanese dared not molest them.

Later in the war the SS John Barry was part of a special convoy to Persia where lend lease goods would be shipped to Russia.

SS John Barry was sunk off Oman by U-859, with a highly top secret cargo. Long after the war a French deep sea expedition was launched to recover her cargo from greater depths than any recovery ever before.

The recovery cost more than recovering the Japanese ship Ehime Maru off Hawaii and almost as much as recovering the Soviet nuclear sub K-19. What was aboard John Barry that was worth that efforts and expense ?

A clue is that in WW2 the Germans converted three Heinkel He-177 bombers with extra large bomb bays for the Nazi A-bomb. One of those airframes became a donor fuselage for the Ju-287 V1 jet bomber.

 

The Ju-287 V1 was test flown through August to October 1944 when test flying suddenly stopped.

The reason why is evident from what General Walther Dornberger told another General in a bugged conversation at Camp 11 after the war.

Dornberger mentioned that in October 1944 he and Werner von Braun, of V-2 rocket fame went to Lisbon for talks with two officials from General Electric Corporation. Dornberger also says he stayed in touch through December 1944.

Now Dornberger at that time worked for the SS on one of the most top secret Nazi weapons projects, yet he was free to talk with Americans in Lisbon ?

However Dorneberger's boss SS Lt General Dr Hans Kammler shielded the Nazi nuclear scientists and Penemünde rocket scientists when Hitler ordered their execution. He smuggled them south to Bavaria where the SS allowed the ALSOS mission to come and collect them.

In October 1944 Gen Leslie Groves removed Germany from the SBS list of nuclear targets for the Manhatten Project. Much more than co-incidence. The German nuclear bomber project was abandoned and test flying of the Ju-287 jet bomber also stopped in October 1944.

Von Braun and Dornberger it seems saved Europe from becoming the world's first nuclear battleground.

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