'Anna Kreisling' is totally fictional. There is no mention of her in Zegenhagen's 2007 Ph.D. thesis on German aviatrices and Zegenhagen always appeares extremely well-informed on aviation personalities. That's particularly surprising because Kreisling (allegedly) was a Flugkapitän, i.e. high-profile professional aviator. Requirements for Flugkapitän were hard to meet for men, almost impossible for women of the time. You had to be older than 30 years with at least 8 years in aviation and 5 years in air transportation plus a completed 500.000 flight kilometers as a pilot. Even Hanna Reitsch and Countess von Stauffenberg received the title only ad honorem, not for fullfilling the requirements.
What is more, the family name 'Kreisling' doesn't exist in Germany or Austria at all.
Both search engines check the national phonebooks so have an extremely good coverage of family names. .
There may be a connection to the mysterious female fighter ace 'Grunter von Haart' who allegedly downed 168 allied planes in Italy.
Zegenhagen, Evelyn, "Schneidige deutsche Mädel. Fliegerinnen zwischen 1918 und 1945".
Wallstein Verlag, Göttingen, 2007
Grunter von Haart (spelling is correct), should be called the top ace of WW II; in Italy she was accredited with 168 kills, and a possible 39 kills over a nine month engagement. She states: "When in the air, in combat, all I think about is how best to kill the enemy." [See, "Ace of One " by Grunter von Haart, Olympic Press 1968, pages 112 - 113]. By far this women out shines most other fighter pilots in that theater. In 1967, she became a naturalized American Citizen, and died in 1991 at the ripe old age of 96 years. Her legacy of being called the first female ace in Germany is in concrete as she was awarded the Iron Cross First Class by Hitler himself, in 1943, and later received a prison sentence by the Americans. So let us heed to her words, written many years after the WW II, "War is an art that all who participate therein shall suffer, given the immensity of the troubled times, one must ask herself not shall I defend my Country, but rather I shall lay my life down so that others may live in peace." [Id. at page 388].
Women were not allowed to fly in front line units with the Luftwaffe, but if she had been a successful fighter ace with the amount of kills claimed, the Nazi propaganda machine would have been working overtime to get her publicity.
Also, why would the US give her a prison sentence, it didn't with any of the male Luftwaffe aces.....
In 1941, the New York Herald Tribune published a letter from a woman who was tired of sitting at home worrying about the war. "If I were only a man, there would be a place for me," she wrote. Many women shared similar feelings of frustration, eager to play an active role in the conflict, but held back because by law and tradition. But as the war escalated, many countries found they could not afford to exclude half of their adult populations and doors began to open for women. They went to work in factories. Capital cities became overrun with female office workers. Nurses joined the front line troops. And many women were allowed to fly.
The Soviet Union, which already had a tradition of women in combat, was the first nation to use women pilots. After suffering huge battle casualties in 1941, the government ordered all women without children who were not already engaged in war work to join the military. There were three all-woman regiments: fighter, bomber, and night bomber. Other women flew with male regiments and pilot Valentina Grizodubova was even the commander of a 300-man, long-range bomber squadron. With the exception of Turkey’s Sabiha Gokcen, the Soviet women were the only women who flew in combat. German pilots were often surprised suddenly to be circled by Russian planes and hear female voices shouting to each other. Lily Litvyak became an ace, downing 12 German planes until she was shot down in 1943. Twenty-three women were given the "Hero of the Soviet Union" medal. When Marina Raskova, who had helped organize the female pilots, was killed in combat in 1943, the government held its first state funeral of World War II, entombing her ashes in the wall of the Kremlin as a sign of gratitude for all Soviet women who flew.
Fascist ideology dictated that a women’s role in society was as a mother and frowned upon women working in any capacity. A few German women did find ways to work, some in jobs such as ferrying and test pilots.
Melitta Schiller [Melitta Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg] was awarded the Iron Cross for conducting 1,500 test dives of new dive bombers.
And Hitler favourite Hanna Reitsch, a record-breaking glider and test pilot before the war, flew every Luftwaffe plane and helicopter. Denied permission to organize a women’s flight squadron, she organized a suicide squadron that would use V-1 rockets modified with seats to hold pilots to attack British industrial centres. The program was eventually dropped. In the final days of the war, she flew a Luftwaffe general through Soviet artillery fire and fighters to land on a road in central Berlin and meet with Hitler just days before he killed himself.
According to Stephan T. Previtera's "The Iron Time", citing data from the "IMM - Magazine for Orders, Militaria and History" from Nov. 99, the female recipients of the Iron Cross were:
- Hanna Reitsch (11/42, Pilot)
- Else Grossmann (1/45, Red Cross Nurse)
- Hanna Reitsch (3/42, Pilot)
- Elfriede Wnuk (9/42, Red Cross Nurse)
- Marga Droste (9/42, Red Cross Nurse)
- Melitta Gräfin Schenk von Stauffenberg (?/42, Pilot)
- Hanny Weber (?/42, Red Cross Nurse)
- Geolinde Münche (?/42, Red Cross Nurse)
- Magda Darchinger (?/42, Red Cross Nurse)
- Ilse Schulz (4/43, Red Cross Nurse)
- Grete Fock (4/43, Red Cross Nurse)
- Liselotte Hensel (?/43, Red Cross Nurse)
- ? Holzmann (8/43, Hauptführerin of Red Cross)
- Elfriede Gunia (4/44, Red Cross Nurse)
- Ilse Daub (4/44, Red Cross Aide)
- Anne Moxnes (4/44, Red Cross Nurse)
- Greta Grafenkamp (2/45, Red Cross Nurse)
- Elisabeth Potuz (2/45, Doctor)
- Ottilie Stephan (2/45, Volunteer)
- Ruth Raabe (2/45, Red Cross Nurse)
- Elfriede Muth (3/45, Red Cross Nurse)
- Ursula Kogel (3/45, Red Cross Nurse)
- Lieselotte Schlotterbeck (3/45, Red Cross Aide)
- Rohna von Ceumern (3/45, Red Cross Aide)
- Anna Wolschütz (3/45, Red Cross Aide)
- Eva Holm (3/45, Civilian Service)
- Leni Stalinek (3/45, Volunteer)
- Hildegard Wollny (3/45, Staff Aide)
- Alice Bendig (3/45, Armed Forces Aide)
- Hildegard Bollgardt (3/45, Armed Forces Aide)
- Dr. ? Lemke (4/45, Labor Service)
- Margarete Hirsekorn (4/45, Communications)
- Erika Stollberg (5/45, Volunteer)
- Else Grossmann (?, Red Cross Nurse)
There are no German pilots listed with 168 confirmed aerial victories. The official list runs like this....
|Hauptmann Heinrich Sturm|| 158|
|Hauptmann Hans-Joachim Marseille|| 158|
|Oberst Wulf-Dietrich Wilke|| 162|
|Major Horst Adement|| 166|
|Hauptmann Heinz Schmidt|| 173|
|Hauptmann Emil Lang|| 173|
|Hauptmann Gunther Schack|| 174|
|Oberleutnant Ernst-Wilhelm Reinert|| 174|
|Oberst Johannes Steinhoff|| 176|
Facts and Factoids
Well there was a Ju-88 which mysteriously landed at the RAF base next to Newcastle upon Tyne, disgorged a passenger and then flew off again in August or September 1943.
Suppose this six-engined bomber had landed in the US and some kind of super secret treachery had been discussed, what of the "the special relationship" between the US and the UK?
At the Tehran conference Roosevelt and Stalin agreed that their two nations would run the post war world and dismantle colonialism including the British empire.
General Leslie Groves authorised the export in several smaller shipments of 450kg of Uranium oxide to Russia. These shipments went via Peruvian freighters from Seattle to Vladivostock and the Japanese dared not molest them.
Later in the war the SS John Barry was part of a special convoy to Persia where lend lease goods would be shipped to Russia.
SS John Barry was sunk off Oman by U-859, with a highly top secret cargo. Long after the war a French deep sea expedition was launched to recover her cargo from greater depths than any recovery ever before.
The recovery cost more than recovering the Japanese ship Ehime Maru off Hawaii and almost as much as recovering the Soviet nuclear sub K-19. What was aboard John Barry that was worth that efforts and expense ?
A clue is that in WW2 the Germans converted three Heinkel He-177 bombers with extra large bomb bays for the Nazi A-bomb. One of those airframes became a donor fuselage for the Ju-287 V1 jet bomber.
The Ju-287 V1 was test flown through August to October 1944 when test flying suddenly stopped.
The reason why is evident from what General Walther Dornberger told another General in a bugged conversation at Camp 11 after the war.
Dornberger mentioned that in October 1944 he and Werner von Braun, of V-2 rocket fame went to Lisbon for talks with two officials from General Electric Corporation. Dornberger also says he stayed in touch through December 1944.
Now Dornberger at that time worked for the SS on one of the most top secret Nazi weapons projects, yet he was free to talk with Americans in Lisbon ?
However Dorneberger's boss SS Lt General Dr Hans Kammler shielded the Nazi nuclear scientists and Penemünde rocket scientists when Hitler ordered their execution. He smuggled them south to Bavaria where the SS allowed the ALSOS mission to come and collect them.
In October 1944 Gen Leslie Groves removed Germany from the SBS list of nuclear targets for the Manhatten Project. Much more than co-incidence. The German nuclear bomber project was abandoned and test flying of the Ju-287 jet bomber also stopped in October 1944.
Von Braun and Dornberger it seems saved Europe from becoming the world's first nuclear battleground.