GDR Pirna Sowjetische Flugscheibe
(1950-1956)


By Rob Arndt


The Soviets had Josef Andreas Epp redesign the Omega Diskus to a much less complicated standard that removed the entire ramjet rotor above the canopy and replaced the two proposed Pabst ramjets with more practical copied Junkers Jumo 004B (Soviet RD-10) jet engines fixed one at each side of the disc.

 

They also demanded that the original eight Argus lift fans be dropped in favor of six higher-hp lift fans of unknown manufacture fitted closer together around the discís inner rim surrounding a perfectly domed cockpit. Two tall vertical tails were mounted just aft of the rear lift fans with suitable flight control surfaces added as well on the outer rear disc rim.

The Soviets wanted to use this craft for reconnaissance with enough lift to loiter over Western areas within range of their cameras but with enough speed to make a quick escape. For greater VTOL (Verticle Take-Off and Landing) stability, the central landing gear arrangement was replaced by four hydraulic retractable gear located at each corner of the disc.

The secret disc was constructed not in the USSR but in East Germany at Pirna in 1950. Epp tried to persuade the Soviets to develop more of his postwar designs but they didnít accept them. Although no performance figures or flight characteristics are known of the Pirna Disc, it appears that this concept was not a success and perhaps the prototype either crashed or was scrapped altogether.

Josef Andreas Epp, discouraged, returned to West Germany and provided the United States with full details of his Pirna Disc construction which was documented in 1956. Epp also patented the propulsion system in 1956, then received another patent for his entire craft in 1958; but again, no one in the USAF was interested in this disc aircraft which would have been crewed by ten men. They were much more interested in Dr. Richard Mietheís work with the Canadians at AVRO Canada, wanting HIM to build the first US jet disc aircraft types in America at Wright Patterson AB.

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The Soviets also got German engineer Klaus Habermohl and several of Viktor Schauberger's Repulsin discoid motors to keep them busy for years. Epp was not missed by them.



                                 Four decades later... the result of Josef Andreas Epp's designs for the Soviets- the SKAT



Soviet Disc Aircraft and a Mystery Spacecraft

Sukhanov Diskoplan 1 of 1958:






Sukhanov Diskoplan 2 of 1960:






 


Sukhanov Diskoplan 3 of 1962:









Then there's this on display at Monino, which no Russian will comment on and is unmarked. In their inventory they should possess Diskoplan 1-2. Number one is hanging from their ceiling but the other one is NOT the number two at all. It predates all Soviet spaceplane developents:





 



           

 


 

Rumor has it that this is either a German captured disc aircraft from PeenemŁnde or a German-Soviet postwar development. Either way, it defies explanation as it is a 2/3rds scale model of a space escape ship attached to its external fuel tank to power the rear rocket motor.

It has now been identified as a Sukhanov - the X-Tail.

~Rob Arndt

 

Future Russian Disc Aircraft?

 

Russiaís Institute of Applied Mechanics has developed a new aircraft, also known as cosmoplan(e). It takes off and lands like an ordinary plane, but it behaves like a spacecraft for the rest of the flight. The aerospace craft is expected to fly at heights between 100-200 kilometers and with speed as high as 30 thousand kilometers per hour. It takes the vehicle 20 minutes to fly from Moscow to Paris and 50 minutes to New York. The cosmoplane uses hypersonic engines fueled by oxygen and hydrogen. Tests of planeís 1:25 scale model by instituteís experts proved to be successful.