By Rob Arndt
Under leadership of Dipl-Ing Rudolf Seitz the Messerschmitt P.1079/18 Schwalbe (Swallow) was initiated in 1942 at Messerschmitt Abteilung Lippisch.
This tailless annular aircraft with a wing leading edge sweep of 37 degrees was to be fitted with outboard slots, ailerons, and elevators. The single pilot aircraft would be powered by two Jumo 004b turbojets superimposed with the upper and lower air intakes separated by the cockpit and nose wheel enclosures.
The odd diagonally retracted wide-track main wheels were necessary due to the six protected fuel tanks located in the wings and body. They retracted forward into the wing roots.
The aircraft also had tail brakes installed due to its multi-role function as a ground attack aircraft, Schnell (Fast) bomber, and Zerstörer (Destroyer).
Me-328 parasite fighter atop a Dornier 217 for flight testing trials
Due to the complexity of the design this early in the war the P.1079/18 was cancelled by the RLM in 1942 while the P.1079/17 eventually led to the Me-328 wooden parasite fighter powered by Argus pulse-jets.
The Schwalbe name, of course, was given to the Me-262.
First Me-262 prototype without jet nacelles installed which flew even as the P.1079/18 was being designed
Crew: Pilot only
Powerplants: Two Jumo 109-004B engines (1,984 lb thrust)
Span: 9.05 meters
Length: 8.90 meters
Height: 2.75 meters
Wing area: 20.0 meters squared
Weight loaded: 8,885 lbs
Max. Speed: 590 mph
Me-262 later received the name Schwalbe (Swallow) after the P.1079/18 was cancelled in 1942