MUSSOLINI FIAT RIVA DEL GARDA DISC
By Rob Arndt
On June 13, 1933on orders from Il Duce Mussolini, a crashed disc aircraft of unknown origin was ordered recovered from Lombardia.
There was also a Senatorial letter describing in detail the strategy to be followed after the craft had been recovered which included censorship of the newspapers, arrest of the eyewitnesses by the O.U.R.A. (The Italian Government's Political Police), elaboration of a series of conventional explanations for the disc (balloons, meteors, weather phenomenon) to be fed to the public via the Breara Astronomical Observatory at Milan, and notification of the Prefect (Civil Governor).
From this single recovery the top-secret Cabinet RS/33 had been created at La Sapienza University in
Guglielmo Marconi believed Martians could be reached by radio
The Cabinet RS/33 had links with the Fascist secret police OVRA and with "Agenzia Stefani," the regime's news agency in charge of disseminating Fascist propaganda. Cabinet RS/33 was headed by the Italian physicist Guglielmo Marconi (known for his belief in Martians, although he never played an active part in the Cabinet, always sending in his place the astronomer Gino Cecchinin from
Fearing aliens, Mussolini put Marconi in charge, someone who was trying to communicate with them.
Among its members the Cabinet had many of the most highly respected of Italian academics, members of the
In the first place, it had come to light that ever since 1929 that a German rocket engineer named Hermann Noordung had been attempting to build a "solar" flying disc to be sent out into space - subsequently re-baptized as the "flying wheel", and so it is no wonder that the Italian Fascists, having found themselves confronted with a crashed disc, should have opted for the explanation that it was a secret weapon!
The "conspiracy of silence" imposed upon the affair of the crashed disc in
Mussolini for his part had actually created in 1933 the world’s first UFO research team.
On August 17, 1926 another aerial incident occurred in
It was sighted in the morning, a metallic disc, polished and reflecting light, with a length of ten or twelve meters. Two fighters from a near base took off, but were not able to reach it even at 130 km/h. It didn't emit sound, which would lead one to consider it an airship. But nobody knows of aerostats that can fly faster than the wind. A report was made and arrived into the hands of Ciano.
Count Ciano was Mussolini’s son-in-law and
Then, after approximately at least an hour and after passing over Mestre, it was seen as a sort of metallic tube, gray or slate. It was described like a kind of aerial torpedo, with very clear windows ... and alternating, white and red lights. Following were two disc “hats; two hats like those used by priests: wide, round, with a dome in the center, metallic and following the torpedo without changing their relative positions.
The document mentions that "the Prefecture has opened an inquiry, but you can imagine that it will make little impact and will have a similar outcome to that of 1933. The Duce has expressed his worries, because he says that if it were a matter of real English or French aircraft, his foreign policy would have to start all over again“.
It also, discloses that Mussolini and
Whether Cabinet RS/33 had studied the flying saucer that had been recovered or learned anything from the strange aerial encounters is not known. But on the other hand they had, in seven years of research, assembled a thirty-page dossier ( the same one that had been sent to the newspaper Resto del Carlino) about UFO sightings (termed by them "velivolvi sconoscuti, "unknown aircraft“), and had also gathered photos and films.
In that speech, Mussolini said the
But as the war progressed and Germany tightened it’s grip on it’s fascist ally Italy, the Fiat Riva Del Garda complex was renamed the Hermann Göring Institute - a complex for advanced research into exotic engines and aircraft. Dr. Giuseppe Belluzzo, a turbine expert, was recruited from there to help aid in “Projekt Flugkreisel” which was an SS project to improve or replace Rudolf Schriever’s disc-fan. Belluzzo made some proposals but ultimately the leader of the team Dr. Richard Miethe was responsible for the new German disc.
Dr. Belluzzo returned to Riva Del Garda to pursue his own design of a radical Italian round flying bomb he named the “Turbo Proietti” (Turbine Projectile) which removed him from the German project altogether.
At Riva Del Garda were other engineers and specialists that were pressured by the Germans to develop radical new aircraft and that included disc types as well. One scientist came up with an Italian disc aircraft that was very different from the types being developed in
Dubbed the “Piastra di Volo” (Flying Plate) this disc was to be powered by four staggered underslung turbojets, had a round plexiglass canopy, twin canted vertical tailfins and had a series of round circles all over the body that defy explanation with conventional Italian landing gear.
Drawings of the disc that survived the war give no official name nor designation for the craft but it may have used some technical material from the recovered 1933 disc as evidenced by the two strange missile-shaped objects that are neither turbojets nor weapons. No one has figured out what those are… yet. The scientist that designed the craft died and only recently was his work discovered among his things in his apartment.
But it is nonetheless a purely Italian design, separate completely from the German Flugscheiben.
Top view of disc
Top view of disc
Early Italian Disc Craft
Strange Sight in the Italian Skies in the 1930s